The War in Ukraine and Naval Mines

Soviet anti-landing mine PDM-1M (

With the current Ukrainian offensive in Zaporijia Oblast, Ukrainian sappers are having to deal with the consequences of being in the “most mined country on earth[1].” Sappers are encountering in some areas up to 5 mines per square meter of land. Land mines are the most visible, due to the very active nature of the land war and the countless videos showing the effect of both anti-tank and anti-personnel mines have had and are having during this war, however the mine threat exists also underneath the waves.